Development Disorders - Torticollis


What is Torticollis?

Torticollis literally means "twisted neck". The name is derived from the Latin terms ‘torta’ meaning twisted and ‘collum’ meaning neck. It is sometimes known as ‘wry neck’.

In congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) Sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM) on one side of the neck is tight. The SCM controls both tilt and rotation. A child with torticollis will tilt their head one way and turn the other way, and may have difficulty moving their head away from this position.

Early Physiotherapy is very important for children with torticollis and may include:

  • Gentle stretching to gain full neck rotation and side flexion ranges.
  • Strengthening and mobilising exercises using developmentally appropriate activities.
  • Advice on carrying, sleeping, feeding and resting positions.
  • Monitoring development and addressing any issues.
  • Advice, training and support regarding home exercises and activities.

Early intervention is key for the treatment of torticollis. Kidsphysio can provide appointments whilst you wait for your NHS referral.